Assessment of Vehicle Sizing, Energy Consumption and Cost through Large Scale Simulation of Advanced Vehicle Technologies
The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports new technologies to increase energy security in the transportation sector at a critical time for global petroleum supply, demand, and pricing.
VTO works in collaboration with industry and research organizations to identify the priority areas of research needed to develop advanced vehicle technologies to reduce and eventually eliminate petroleum use, and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide from carbon-based fuels.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the benefits of the DOE VTO for a wide range of vehicle applications, powertrain configurations and component technologies for different timeframes and quantify the potential future petroleum displacement up to 2045 as well as the cost evolution.
While it is not possible to simulate all the different combinations, more than 2000 vehicles were simulated in the study to take the following into account:
- Major vehicle classes (i.e., compact car, midsize car, small sport utility vehicle [SUV], large SUV and pickup)
- Major powertrain configurations (i.e., conventional, power-split, series and battery electric drive)
- Major fuels (i.e., gasoline, diesel, hydrogen and ethanol)
The report evaluates the impact of numerous technology improvements on:
- Component sizes (i.e., power, energy, weight)
- Fuel and electrical consumption
- Manufacturing cost
The full report along with detailed vehicle information is accessible here.
In addition to assessing the benefits of the VTO portfolio, the study also provides inputs to a wide range of studies including market penetration (i.e., MA3T - from ORNL) and life cycle analysis (I.e., GREET - from Argonne)
A specific report dedicated to battery requirement evolution is available here.
2016 Report Download:
2014 Report Download:
2011 Report Download: